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Supreme People's Court
最高人民检察院关于办理利用信息网络实施诽谤等刑事案件适用法律若干问题的解释

Legal Interpretation No. 21 (2013)

"The Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate Interpretation on Several Issues Regarding the Applicable Law in Cases of Using Information Networks to Commit Defamation and Other Such Crimes" , having been passed by the 1589th meeting of the adjudication committee of the Supreme People's Court on September 5, 2013 and by the 9th meeting of the 12th session of the prosecutorial committee of the Sumpreme People's Procuratorate, is hereby promulgated and takes effect from September 10, 2013.

The Supreme People's Court, The Supreme People's Procuratorate
September 6, 2013

 

最高人民法院 最高人民检察院关于办理利用信息网络实施诽谤等刑事案件适用法律若干问题的解释

Legal Interpretation No. 21 (2013),passed by the 1589th meeting of the adjudication committee of the Supreme People's Court on September 5, 2013 and by the 9th meeting of the 12th session of the prosecutorial committee of the Supreme People's Procuratorate

The following interpretation on several issues regarding the applicable law for handling cases of using information networks to commit defamation, provocation and causing disturbances, blackmail and extortion, illegal business operations or other crimes, is made so as to protect the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations, and to protect the social order, on the basis of "The Criminal Law of the PRC", "The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress's Decision Regarding Maintenance of Internet Security" and other regulations,

Article 1: 具有下列情形之一的,应当认定为刑法第二百四十六条第一款规定的“捏造事实诽谤他人”:
(1) Fabricating information that harms others' reputation and disseminating it on information networks or organizing or inciting others to disseminate it on information networks;
(2) Tampering with the original content of information located on an information network and which involves others, to make it harmful to others' reputations, and disseminating it on information networks or organizing or inciting others to disseminate it on information networks;
 
Where information that is clearly known to be fabricated and harmful to others' reputations is disseminated on the internet, and the circumstances are repugnant, it is considered "fabricating information to defame others."
 
Article 2: 利用信息网络诽谤他人,具有下列情形之一的,应当认定为刑法第二百四十六条第一款规定的“情节严重”:
(1) The actual number of clicks or views of the same defamatory information reached 5000 or more, or the number of transmissions reaches 500 or more;
(2) Leads to serious consequences such as psychological aberration, self-harm or suicide by the victim or his close relatives ;
(3) Having received an administrative punishment for defamation in the last 2 years, again defames others;
(4) Other situations where the circumstances are serious.
 
Article 3: 利用信息网络诽谤他人,具有下列情形之一的,应当认定为刑法第二百四十六条第二款规定的“严重危害社会秩序和国家利益”:
(1) Causes a mass incident;
(2) Causes public disorder;
(3) Causes ethnic or religious conflicts;
(4) defamation of multiple persons that creates a repugnant social impact;
(5) Harms the national image, seriously endangering national interests;
(6) Creates a repugnant international impact;
(7) Other situations that seriously endanger social order or national interests.
 
Article 4: 一年内多次实施利用信息网络诽谤他人行为未经处理,诽谤信息实际被点击、浏览、转发次数累计计算构成犯罪的,应当依法定罪处罚。
 
Article 5: 利用信息网络辱骂、恐吓他人,情节恶劣,破坏社会秩序的,依照刑法第二百九十三条第一款第(二)项的规定,以寻衅滋事罪定罪处罚。
 
The dissemination of false information on information networks, which one has either invented or clearly knows to be fabricated information, or the organizing or inciting of others to disseminate it on information networks, creating an uproar and causing serious public disorder, is to be convicted and punished as the crime of 'provocation and causing disturbances' in accordance with article 293(4) of the Criminal Law.
 
Article 6: 以在信息网络上发布、删除等方式处理网络信息为由,威胁、要挟他人,索取公私财物,数额较大,或者多次实施上述行为的,依照刑法第二百七十四条的规定,以敲诈勒索罪定罪处罚。
 
Article 7: 违反国家规定,以营利为目的,通过信息网络有偿提供删除信息服务,或者明知是虚假信息,通过信息网络有偿提供发布信息等服务,扰乱市场秩序,具有下列情形之一的,属于非法经营行为“情节严重”,依照刑法第二百二十五条第(四)项的规定,以非法经营罪定罪处罚:
(1) an individual's illegal operations amount to 50,000 yuan or more, or unlawful gains of 20,000 yuan or more;
(2) a work-unit's illegal operations amount to 150,000 yuan or more, or unlawful gains of 50,000 or more.
 
Where conduct in the preceding clause is committed and the amounts reach 5 times or more the amounts provided in the previous clause, it shall be held to be "especially serious circumstances" as provided in article 225 of the Criminal Law.
 
Article 8: 明知他人利用信息网络实施诽谤、寻衅滋事、敲诈勒索、非法经营等犯罪,为其提供资金、场所、技术支持等帮助的,以共同犯罪论处。
 
Article 9: 利用信息网络实施诽谤、寻衅滋事、敲诈勒索、非法经营犯罪,同时又构成刑法第二百二十一条规定的损害商业信誉、商品声誉罪,第二百七十八条规定的煽动暴力抗拒法律实施罪,第二百九十一条之一规定的编造、故意传播虚假恐怖信息罪等犯罪的,依照处罚较重的规定定罪处罚。
 
Article 10: 本解释所称信息网络,包括以计算机、电视机、固定电话机、移动电话机等电子设备为终端的计算机互联网、广播电视网、固定通信网、移动通信网等信息网络,以及向公众开放的局域网络
 

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